The Kalendarium Hortense was published by John Evelyn in 1683. It contains instructions for what a gardener should do throughout the year. The excerpt below is the list of what is to be done in the "Orchard and Olitory1 Garden" for the month of May.
Sow sweet marjoram, Basil, Thyme, hot and Aromatic Herbs and Plants which are the most tender.
Sow Purslan, to have young: Lettuce, large-sided Cabbage, painted Beans, &c.
Look carefully to your Melons; and towards the end of this Month forbear to cover them any longer on Ridges wither with Straw or Matrasses, &c.
Ply the Laboratory, and distill Plants for Waters, Spirits, &c.
Continue Weeding before they run to Seeds.
Now set your Bees at full liberty, look out often, and expect Swarms, &c.
1 - Olitory: of or pertaining to, or produced in, a kitchen garden.