Thursday, August 1, 2013

Recipes from the Wagstaff Miscellany - 57 Veel in bucnade

Recipes from the Wagstaff Miscellany (Beinecke MS 163)

This manuscript is dated about 1460.

The 200 (approx.) recipes in the Wagstaff miscellany are on pages 56r through 76v.

Images of the original manuscript are freely available on the Yale University Library website.

I have done my best to provide an accurate, but readable transcription. Common abbreviations have been expanded, the letters thorn and yogh have been replaced with their modern equivalents, and some minor punctuation has been added.

Copyright © 2013 by Daniel Myers,


57. Veel in bucnade
Chop vele in pecys do hit in a pot do ther to onyons cut grete & herbes & good pouderez clovys macyz sygure safrone & salt & boyle hit withe a lytylle swete brothe than put ther to goode cow mylke boyle hit up withe yolkes of eyrone lete hit be rennynge & serve hit forthe & make hit with cowe mylke in this maner a fore sayde & thy mayste make hit withe almonde mylke in the same maner and whene hit ys boylede sesyne hit up withe poudyr of gynger & vergeys.


There is a recipe in Forme of Cury with the same title, but its instructions are so at odds with those in Wagstaff that it almost seems to be a different recipe.
VEEL IN BUKNADE. C. XVIII. Take fayr Veel and kyt it in smale pecys and boile it tendre in fyne broth oþer in water. þanne take white brede oþer wastel, and drawe þerof a white ... lyour wiþ fyne broth, and do þe lyour to the Veel, & do safroun þerto, þanne take parsel & bray it in a morter & the Juys þerof do þerto, and þanne is þis half zelow & half grene. þanne take a porcioun of wyne & powdour marchant & do þerto and lat it boile wele, and do þerto a litel of vynegur. & serue forth.  [Forme of Cury (England, 1390)]

Bukkenade recipes are very common in medieval cookbooks, so it's not surprising that A Noble Boke off Cookry has one (recipe 2).  However, that recipe does not match the Wagstaff version either.
To mak buknad tak vele smale and vele parboiled then gader up the flesh and fireyn the broth through a stren and put it in to the pot and sett it on the fyer and put ther to onyons mynced pouder of pepper powder of cloves and canelle and in the boiling put in the fleshe then tak raw yolkes in a bolle and cast ther to the het brothe and mele it well to gedere and in the setting downe put in the egg and stirr it to geder in the setting down and geve it a litill color of saffron and salt it and serue it.  [A Noble Boke off Cookry (England, 1468)]

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